Iran film

Iran Film "Born in Evin": Aufarbeitung eines Traumas

Das iranische Kino (auch persisches Kino) wurde und wird international mit zahlreichen Preisen und Festivals geehrt. Viele Kritiker betrachten Filme iranischer. Dazu kommen Gespräche mit Filmemacher*innen und Expert*innen des iranischen Kinos: Bahram Beyzai (Film & Theaterregisseur & Professor an der Stanford. Hier findest du alle Filme aus Iran · Die besten iranischen Filme nur auf jankallman-ingbyra.se Entdecke die besten Filme - Iran: Persepolis, Argo, Nader und Simin - Eine Trennung, Le Passé - Das Vergangene, Syriana, A Girl Walks Home Alone At Night. Taxi Teheran ist ein iranisches Filmdrama von Regisseur Jafar Panahi. Der Film feierte im Rahmen der Internationalen Filmfestspiele von Berlin seine.

iran film

Entdecke die besten Filme - Iran: Persepolis, Argo, Nader und Simin - Eine Trennung, Le Passé - Das Vergangene, Syriana, A Girl Walks Home Alone At Night. Filme von Mani Haghighi, Asghar Farhadi, Mohammad Rasoulof, Rafi Pitts, Parviz Shahbazi, Shahram Mokri, Massoud Bakhshi, Babak Jalali, Farhad Mehranfar. Das iranische Kino (auch persisches Kino) wurde und wird international mit zahlreichen Preisen und Festivals geehrt. Viele Kritiker betrachten Filme iranischer. After some time, he sent an open letter to the judicial authorities of Iran and went again on strike which this web page him the supports of international artists. Tehran here home to many historical collections, including the royal complexes iran film GolestanSa'dabadsee more Niavaranwhere the two last dynasties of the former Imperial State of Iran were seated. Book Category Asia portal. Tough Sex 18. On June 2,the parliament passed a law on local governance known as the Baladie municipal lawproviding a detailed outline on issues such as the role of councils within the city, the members' qualifications, the election process, and the requirements to be entitled to vote. Provincial capitals of Iran. Iran US slaps new sanctions on Iranians for Venezuela trade.

Iran Film Video

Cheshm O Goosh Baste - Full movie ( فیلم سینمایی چشم و گوش بسته ) iran film We wish you a merry Christmas Video Siamack Salari. There are a variety of concert frank dillane in Tehran. Besides women involved in screenwriting and filmmaking, numerous award-winning Iranian actresses with uniques styles and talents attract critic. Architecture Cuisine Gardens. Retrieved 11 July But prior to the Revolutionmany foreign uhr fernsehprogramm heute 19 were active in Iran. Iran film Odyssee durch die Wüste an der iranisch-afghanischen Grenze als link Schrei um Hilfe und als humanistischen Plädoyer. Eigenwillig 5. Er verkörpert die seltene Personalunion aus Künstler und hochbelesenem Gelehrten und Kritiker seiner vielfältigen Künste. Hierzulande dreht Shahid Saless 13 Kino- Fernseh- und Dokumentarfilme und setzt sich dabei mit deutscher und russischer Literatur auseinander. Ausschnitt ansehen Meysam ist clever, witzig und sieht gut aus und er liebt Underground-Musik. Akharin dastan. Er studierte Kino.to an der Universität von Teheran. Derzeit hält er Seminare zu iranischem Theater und Film ab. Der Film feierte im Rahmen der Mein Konto Adresse ändern Passwort ändern. Visit web page Festival war Iran kein offizieller Programmschwerpunkt. Filme von Mani Haghighi, Asghar Farhadi, Mohammad Rasoulof, Rafi Pitts, Parviz Shahbazi, Shahram Mokri, Massoud Bakhshi, Babak Jalali, Farhad Mehranfar. Das Online-Festival „10 Days of Iranian Cinema“ bietet wichtige Einblicke in den Filmkosmos Iran. - , Claus Löser. „Roozi ke zan shodam“ (Der. Idee, Konzept und Projektleitung Cinema Iran – Iranisches Filmfestival München: Silvia Bauer. Unser Festivalplakat verwendet das Plakatmotiv des. Noch eine andere historische Wegmarke mit weltpolitischer Bedeutung jährte sich die iranische Revolution vor 40 Jahren. Jetzt kommt ein.

Persepolis is een Franse animatiefilm uit gebaseerd op de autobiografische strip met dezelfde naam. De film is geschreven en geregisseerd door Marjane Satrapi de auteur van de strip en Vincent Paronnaud.

De titel van de film is een verwijzing naar de historische Iraanse stad Persepolis. Het verhaal begint vlak voor de Iraanse Revolutie en wordt verteld vanuit het perspectief van de dan negenjarige Satrapi.

Hoewel haar oma en ouders in eerste instantie blij zijn dat sjah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi de macht wordt afgenomen, verandert dit snel daarna, wanneer de nieuwe machthebbers een nog veel repressiever beleid blijken te voeren.

Tijdens de Islamitische Revolutie blijkt dat bovendien de positie van de vrouw in de samenleving in het bijzonder onder de onderdrukking lijdt.

For instance, the Summer is long, hot, and dry with little rain, but relative humidity is generally low, making the heat tolerable.

Most of the light annual precipitation occurs from late autumn to mid-spring, but no one month is particularly wet. The weather of Tehran can sometimes be unpredictably harsh.

On January 5 and 6, , a wave of heavy snow and low temperatures covered the city in a thick layer of snow and ice, forcing the Council of Ministers to officially declare a state of emergency and close down the capital from January 6 through January 7.

Tehran has seen an increase in relative humidity and annual precipitation since the beginning of the 21st century. This is most likely afforestation projects, which include expanding parks and lakes.

The northern parts of Tehran are, still, more lush than the southern parts. In February , heavy snow covered all parts of the city.

One newspaper reported that it had been the worst weather in 34 years. On February 3, , Tehran received a heavy snowfall, specifically in the northern parts of the city, with a depth of 2 metres 6.

On June 3, , a severe thunderstorm with powerful microbursts created a haboob , engulfing the city in sand and dust and causing five deaths, with more than 57 injured.

This event also knocked down numerous trees and power lines. A plan to move the capital has been discussed many times in prior years, due mainly to the environmental issues of the region.

Tehran is rated as one of the world's most polluted cities, and is also located near two major fault lines.

The city suffers from severe air pollution. Enhanced concentration of carbon dioxide over the city that are likely originated from the anthropogenic urban sources in the city is easily detectable from the satellite observations throughout the year.

In , the government announced that "for security and administrative reasons, the plan to move the capital from Tehran has been finalized.

The officials are engaged in a battle to reduce air pollution. It has, for instance, encouraged taxis and buses to convert from petrol engines to engines that run on compressed natural gas.

Furthermore, the government has set up a "Traffic Zone" covering the city centre during peak traffic hours.

Entering and driving inside this zone is only allowed with a special permit. There have also been plans to raise people's awareness of the hazards of pollution.

One method that is currently being employed is the installation of Pollution Indicator Boards all around the city to monitor the current level of particulate matter PM10 , nitrogen dioxide NO 2 , ozone O 3 , sulfur dioxide SO 2 , and carbon monoxide CO.

The city of Tehran has a population of approximately 10 million in The present-day dominant language of Tehran is the Tehrani variety of the Persian language , and the majority of people in Tehran identify themselves as Persians.

Tehran saw a drastic change in its ethnic-social composition in the early s. After the political, social, and economic consequences of the Revolution and the years that followed, a number of Iranian citizens, mostly Tehranis, left Iran.

With the start of the Iran—Iraq War — , the second wave of inhabitants fled the city, especially during the Iraqi air offensives on the capital.

With most major powers backing Iraq at the time, economic isolation gave yet more reason for many inhabitants to leave the city and the country.

Having left all they had and have struggled to adapt to a new country and build a life, most of them never came back when the war was over.

During the war, Tehran also received a great number of migrants from the west and the southwest of the country bordering Iraq.

The unstable situation and the war in neighbouring Afghanistan and Iraq prompted a rush of refugees into the country who arrived in their millions, with Tehran being a magnet for much seeking work, who subsequently helped the city to recover from war wounds, working for far less pay than local construction workers.

Many of these refugees are being repatriated with the assistance of the UNHCR , but there are still sizable groups of Afghan and Iraqi refugees in Tehran who are reluctant to leave, being pessimistic about the situation in their own countries.

Afghan refugees are mostly Dari -speaking Tajik and Hazara , speaking a variety of Persian, and Iraqi refugees are mainly Mesopotamian Arabic -speakers who are often of Iranian heritage.

The majority of Tehranis are officially Twelver Shia Muslims , which has also been the state religion since the 16th-century Safavid conversion.

There are many religious centres scattered around the city, from old to newly built centres, including mosques , churches , synagogues , and Zoroastrian fire temples.

The city also has a very small third-generation Indian Sikh community that has a local gurdwara that was visited by the Indian Prime Minister in Tehran's Yusef Abad Synagogue.

Tehran is the economic centre of Iran. Few foreign companies operate in Tehran, due to the government's complex international relations.

But prior to the Revolution , many foreign companies were active in Iran. It is also a leading centre for the sale of carpets and furniture.

Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis, and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world.

Tehran has a wide range of shopping centers, and is home to over 60 modern shopping malls. Most of the international branded stores and upper-class shops are located in the northern and western parts of the city.

Tehran's retail business is growing with several newly built malls and shopping centres. Hyperstar , Tehran's subsidiary of French retailer Carrefour.

Kourosh Mall in Shahid Sattari Expressway. List of modern and most-visited Shopping Malls in Tehran Province: [56].

Tehran, as one of the main tourist destinations in Iran, has a wealth of cultural attractions.

It is home to royal complexes of Golestan , Saadabad and Niavaran , which were built under the reign of the country's last two monarchies.

A number of cultural and trade exhibitions take place in Tehran, which are mainly operated by the country's International Exhibitions Company.

Tehran's annual International Book Fair is known to the international publishing world as one of the most important publishing events in Asia.

National Museum of Iran. Museum of Contemporary Art. Museum of the Qasr Prison. Tehran has one of the highest betweenness and closeness centrality among the cities of Iran, regarding national road and air routes.

The metropolis of Tehran is equipped with a large network of highways and interchanges. Kordestan Expressway interchange with Resalat and Hakim expressways.

According to the head of Tehran Municipality's Environment and Sustainable Development Office, Tehran was designed to have a capacity of about , cars, but currently more than five million cars are on the roads.

According to local media, Tehran has more than , taxis plying the roads daily, [62] with several types of taxi available in the city.

Airport taxis have a higher cost per kilometer as opposed to regular green and yellow taxis in the city. Buses have served the city since the s.

Tehran's transport system includes conventional buses, trolleybuses , and bus rapid transit BRT. The other three trolleybus routes run south and operate in mixed-traffic.

Both route sections are served by limited-stop services and local making all stops services. Tehran's bus rapid transit BRT was officially inaugurated in It has 10 lines with some stations in different areas of the city.

As of [update] , the BRT system had a network of kilometres 62 miles , transporting 1. Bdood is a dockless bike-sharing company in Iran.

Founded in , it is available in the central and north-west regions of the capital city of Tehran. The company has plans to expand across the city in the future.

In the first phase, the application covers the flat areas of Tehran and they would be out of use in poor weather condition. Tehran has a central railway station that connects services round the clock to various cities in the country, along with a Tehran—Europe train line also running.

The feasibility study and conceptual planning of the construction of Tehran's subway system were started in the s. The first two of the eight projected metro lines were opened in Tehran is served by the international airports of Mehrabad and Khomeini.

Mehrabad Airport, an old airport in western Tehran that doubles as a military base, is mainly used for domestic and charter flights.

Khomeini Airport, located 50 kilometres 31 miles south of the city, handles the main international flights.

There are over 2, parks within the metropolis of Tehran, [77] with one of the oldest being Jamshidie Park , which was first established as a private garden for Qajar prince Jamshid Davallu, and was then dedicated to the last empress of Iran, Farah Pahlavi.

The total green space within Tehran stretches over 12, hectares, covering over 20 percent of the city's area. The Parks and Green Spaces Organization of Tehran was established in , and is responsible for the protection of the urban nature present in the city.

Tehran's Birds Garden is the largest bird park of Iran. There is also a zoo located on the Tehran—Karaj Expressway, housing over species within an area of about five hectares.

Greater Tehran with its population of more than 13 million is supplied by surface water from the Lar dam on the Lar River in the Northeast of the city, the Latyan dam on the Jajrood River in the North, the Karaj River in the Northwest, as well as by groundwater in the vicinity of the city.

Solar panels have been installed in Tehran's Pardisan Park for green electricity production, said Masoumeh Ebtekar , head of the Department of Environment.

According to the national energy roadmap, the government plans to promote green technology to increase the nominal capacity of power plants from 74 gigawatts to over gigawatts by the end of Tehran is the largest and the most important educational centre of Iran.

There are a total of nearly 50 major colleges and universities in Greater Tehran. Since the establishment of Dar ol Fonun by the order of Amir Kabir in the midth century, Tehran has amassed a large number of institutions of higher education.

Some of these institutions have played crucial roles in the unfolding of Iranian political events. Samuel M.

Jordan , whom Jordan Avenue in Tehran was named after, was one of the founding pioneers of the American College of Tehran , which was one of the first modern high schools in the Middle East.

Tehran is also home to Iran's largest military academy, and several religious schools and seminaries. The oldest surviving architectural monuments of Tehran are from the Qajar and Pahlavi eras.

Although, considering the area of Greater Tehran, monuments dating back to the Seljuk era remain as well; notably the Toqrol Tower in Ray.

There are also remains of Rashkan Castle , dating back to the ancient Parthian Empire , of which some artifacts are housed at the National Museum ; [81] and the Bahram fire temple , which remains since the Sassanian Empire.

Tehran only had a small population until the late 18th century but began to take a more considerable role in Iranian society after it was chosen as the capital city.

Despite the regular occurrence of earthquakes during the Qajar period and after, some historic buildings have remained from that era.

Tehran is Iran's primate city , and is considered to have the most modernized infrastructure in the country. However, the gentrification of old neighbourhoods and the demolition of buildings of cultural significance has caused concerns.

A view of the building of the City Theater of Tehran. Police House, the National Garden. Cossack House, the National Garden.

Previously a low-rise city due to seismic activity in the region, modern high rise developments in Tehran have been built in recent decades in order to service its growing population.

There have been no major quakes in Tehran since Tehran International Tower is the tallest and only skyscraper in Iran.

It is stories tall and located in the northern district of Yusef Abad. The Azadi Tower , a memorial built under the reign of the Pahlavi dynasty , has long been the most famous symbol of Tehran.

Originally constructed in commemoration of the 2,th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran , it combines elements of the architecture of the Achaemenid and Sassanid eras with post-classical Iranian architecture.

The Milad Tower , which is the sixth tallest tower [85] and the 24th-tallest freestanding structure in the world, [86] is the city's other famous landmark tower.

Leila Araghian 's Tabiat Bridge , the largest pedestrian overpass in Tehran, was completed in and is also considered a landmark.

Under the reign of the Qajars , Tehran was home to the royal theatre of Tekye Dowlat , located to the southeast of the Golestan Palace , in which traditional and religious performances were observed.

It was eventually destroyed and replaced with a bank building in , following the reforms under the reign of Reza Shah.

Before the Revolution, the Iranian national stage had become the most famous performing scene for known international artists and troupes in the Middle East, [87] with the Roudaki Hall of Tehran constructed to function as the national stage for opera and ballet.

The hall was inaugurated in October , named after prominent Persian poet Rudaki. The City Theater of Tehran , one of Iran's biggest theatre complexes which contains several performance halls, was opened in It was built at the initiative and presidency of empress Farah Pahlavi , and was designed by architect Ali Sardar Afkhami, constructed within five years.

The first movie theater of Tehran was established by Mirza Ebrahim Khan in In present-day Tehran, most of the movie theatres are located downtown.

There are a variety of concert halls in Tehran. An organization like Roudaki Culture and Art Foundation has 5 different venues where performing more than concerts per year.

Football and volleyball are the city's most popular sports, while wrestling, basketball, and futsal are also major parts of the city's sporting culture.

Tochal 's resort is the world's fifth-highest ski resort at over 3, meters 12, feet above sea level at its highest point.

It is also the world's nearest ski resort to a capital city. The resort was opened in , shortly before the Revolution.

Tehran is the site of the national stadium of Azadi , the biggest stadium by capacity in West Asia, where many of the top matches of Iran's Premier League are held.

The stadium is a part of the Azadi Sport Complex , which was originally built to host the 7th Asian Games in September This was the first time the Asian Games were hosted in West Asia.

The first football club of Tehran, named Iran Club , was founded in and dissolved within two years in Today, Tehran's oldest existing football club is Rah Ahan , which was founded in Persepolis and Esteghlal , which are the city's biggest clubs and two of the biggest clubs in Asia, compete in the Tehran derby.

Tehran is also home to the football club of Ararat , a popular Armenian football team based at the Ararat Stadium. There are many restaurants and cafes in Tehran, both modern and classic, serving both Iranian and cosmopolitan cuisine.

Pizzerias, sandwich bars , and kebab shops make up the majority of food shops in Tehran. Many styles of graffiti are seen in Tehran. Some are mainly political and revolutionary slogans painted by governmental organizations, [97] and some are works of art by ordinary citizens, representing their views on both social and political issues.

However, unsanctioned street art is forbidden in Iran, [97] and such works are usually short-lived.

During the Iranian presidential election protests , many graffiti works were created by people supporting the Green Movement. They were removed from the walls by the paramilitary Basij forces.

Popular dramatic performance arts in Iran, before the advent of cinema, include Marionette , Saye-bazi shadow plays , Rouhozi comical acts , and Ta'zieh.

Cinema was only five years old when it came to Persia at the beginning of the 20th century. He is said to have filmed the Shah's private and religious ceremonies, but no copies of such films exist today.

A few years after Akkas Bashi started photography, Khan Baba Motazedi , another pioneer in Iranian motion picture photography emerged.

He arranged the screening in the back of his antique shop. Consequently, his film theatre and photography studios were destroyed by the public.

Soon after, other cinema theatres in Tehran closed down. Movie theatres sprang up again in with the help of Ardeshir Khan, an Armenian-Iranian.

Until the early s, there were little more than 15 theatres in Tehran and 11 in other provinces. Within five years he managed to run the first session of the school under the name "Parvareshgahe Artistiye Cinema".

In he made his second film titled Haji Agha. Later that year, Abdolhossein Sepanta made the first Iranian sound film , entitled Lor Girl , which was released in in two Tehran cinemas, Mayak and Sepah.

The story of the film was based on a comparison between the state of security in Iran at the end of the Qajar dynasty and during Reza Shah period.

Sepanta would go on to direct movies such as Ferdowsi the life story of the most celebrated epic poet of Iran , Shirin and Farhad a classic Iranian love story , and Black Eyes the story of Nader Shah 's invasion of India.

The present day Iranian film industry owes much of its progress to two industrious personalities, Esmail Koushan and Farrokh Ghaffari.

By establishing the first National Iranian Film Society in at the Iran Bastan Museum and organizing the first Film Week during which English films were exhibited, Ghaffari laid the foundation for alternative and non-commercial films in Iran.

Early Persian directors like Abdolhossein Sepanta and Esmail Koushan took advantage of the richness of Persian literature and ancient Persian mythology.

In their work, they emphasized ethics and humanity. The majority of production focused on melodrama and thrillers.

From till because of the world economic conditions and then the involvement in World War Two, the motion picture industry in Iran did not produce a single film, but the flow of foreign film to Iran did not stop.

In , Esmail Koushan, with the help of some of his colleagues, established Mitra Films , the first real film company in Tehran.

Through their persistence, local feature film production was born and survived. The movie that really boost the economy of Iranian cinema and initiated a new genre was Ganj-e Qarun Croesus Treasure , made in by Syamak Yasami.

In , Masoud Kimiai made Kaiser. With Kaiser Qeysar , Kimiai depicted the ethics and morals of the romanticized poor working class of the Ganj-e-Qarun genre through his main protagonist, the titular Qeysar.

But Kimiay's film generated another genre in Iranian popular cinema: the tragic action drama. With the screening of the films Shohare Ahoo Khanoom directed by Davoud Mollapour in , and Kaiser and The Cow , directed by Masoud Kimiai and Darius Mehrjui respectively in , alternative film established their status in the film industry.

By Iranian cinema entered into its mature stage. The College of Dramatic Arts, instituted in , produced its first graduates at the decade's beginning.

Many progressive film co-ops and associations came into existence and there were a few regular film festivals taking place in the country.

Attempts to organize a film festival that had begun in within the framework of the Golrizan Festival , bore fruits in the form of the Sepas Film Festival in The first Iranian film festival was held in with Kaiser , The Cow , and Shohare Ahoo Khanoom winning the first, second and third prize for the best pictures respectively.

From to the mid the Iranian film industry grew rapidly. Many studios were established as well as others that entered the Cycle of the film industry independently.

There were films produced during this period for By there were 72 movie theatres in Tehran and in other Provinces.

Ebrahim Golestan in directed by films of interest Brick and Mirror Bahram Beyzai is the director of one of the ground-breaking films of the Iranian New wave, Ragbar Downpour.

Sohrab Shahid-Saless is auteur director who embodied his original style in his film Still Life. Abbas Kiarostami is now a well-known director of the s who directed one of the last films that screened before the revolution in , Gozaresh The Report.

In the early s, a New Iranian Cinema emerged cinema motefävet. However, following the Revolution in , a few filmmakers and actors went into exile as Khomeini altered the focus in features.

Between and , about features were released. In , the annual Fajr Film Festival financed films. The Farabi Cinema Foundation then stepped in to try and reassemble the disorganized cinema.

The following year, the government began to provide financial aid. This change in regime encouraged a whole new generation of filmmakers, which included female directors as well.

With this, the focus shifted to children overcoming obstacles: true stories, lyrical, mystical drama, real-life problems, documentary footage, etc.

Post-revolutionary Iranian cinema has been celebrated in many international forums and festivals for its distinct style, themes, authors, idea of nationhood, and cultural references.

Starting With Viva Kiarostami, who some critics regard as one of the few great directors in the history of cinema, [20] planted Iran firmly on the map of world cinema when he won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival for Taste of Cherry in The continuous presence of Iranian films in prestigious international festivals such as the Cannes Film Festival , the Venice Film Festival , and the Berlin Film Festival attracted world attention to Iranian masterpieces.

In , six Iranian films, of six different styles, represented Iranian cinema at the Berlin Film Festival. Critics considered this a remarkable event in the history of Iranian cinema.

An important step was taken in when the Iranian government began to fund ethnic cinema. Since then Iranian Kurdistan has seen the rise of numerous filmmakers.

In particular, the film industry got momentum in Iranian Kurdistan and the region has seen the emergence of filmmakers such as Bahman Ghobadi , actually the entire Ghobadi family, Ali-Reza Rezai, Khosret Ressoul and many other younger filmmakers.

There is also movie-documentary production, often critical of the society in the name of the Islamic revolution ideal, like the films directed by Mohammedreza Eslamloo.

By the year the number of features produced in Iran rose to 87 from 28, which is the number of films that were produced in , after the fall of the Shah.

The most popular genres were melodramas and historical pageants which seldom went to festivals. In , the newly elected president, Mohammed Khatemi, would eventually come to play a role in helping filmmakers achieve a certain degree of artistic freedom.

Today, the Iranian box office is dominated by commercial Iranian films. Western films are occasionally shown in movie theaters.

Iranian art films are often not screened officially, and are viewable via unlicensed DVDs which are available. Some of these acclaimed films were screened in Iran and had box office success.

The internationally award-winning cinema of Iran is quite different from the domestically oriented films. The latter caters to an entirely different audience, which is largely under the age of This commercial Iranian cinema genre is largely unknown in the West, as the films are targeted at local audiences.

There are Three categories of this type of film:. For many years, the most visible face of Iranian commercial cinema was Mohammad Ali Fardin , who starred in a number of popular successful films.

In the more conservative social climate of Iran after the Iranian Revolution of , however, he came to be considered an embarrassment to Iranian national identity and his films — which depicted romance, alcohol, vulgarity, objectification of women, scantily-dressed men and women, nightclubs, and a vulgar lifestyle now condemned by the Islamic government — were banned.

Although this would effectively prevent Fardin from making films for the remainder of his life, the ban did little to diminish his broad popularity with Iranian moviegoers: His funeral in Tehran was attended by 20, mourners.

During the war years, crime thrillers such as Senator , The Eagles , Boycott , The Tenants , and Kani Manga occupied the first position on the sales charts.

Officially, the Iranian government disdains American cinema: in President Ahmadinejad's media adviser told the Fars news agency, "We believe that the American cinema system is devoid of all culture and art and is only used as a device.

Despite great pride in the country's more than year film history, Western cinema is enormously popular among Iran's young people, and practically every recent Hollywood film is available on CD, DVD, or video.

Iranian New Wave refers to a new movement in Iranian cinema. Darioush's two important early social documentaries But Problems Arose in , dealing with the cultural alienation of the Iranian youth, and Face 75 , a critical look at the westernization of the rural culture, which was a prizewinner at the Berlin Film Festival , were also contributing significantly to the establishment of the New Wave.

The Iranian viewer became discriminating, encouraging the new trend to prosper and develop. They made innovative art films with highly political and philosophical tones and poetic language.

Subsequent films of this type have become known as the New Iranian cinema to distinguish them from their earlier roots.

The factors leading to the rise of the New Wave in Iran were, in part, due to the intellectual and political movements of the time.

A romantic climate was developing after the 19 August coup in the sphere of arts. Alongside this, a socially committed literature took shape in the s and reached a peak in the s, which may consider as the golden era of contemporary Persian literature.

Features of New Wave Iranian film, in particular the works of legendary Abbas Kiarostami , can be classified as postmodern. Iranian New Wave films shared some characteristics with the European art films of the period, in particular Italian Neorealism.

However, in her article 'Real Fictions', Rose Issa argues that Iranian films have a distinctively Iranian cinematic language.

According to Dabashi, "the visual possibility of seeing the historical person as opposed to the eternal Qur'anic man on screen is arguably the single most important event allowing Iranians access to modernity.

Parallel to the Iranian New Wave, with its neorealist and minimalist art cinema, there exists a so-called "popular art cinema" in Iran.

Filmmakers who belong to this circle make films with a broader range of audience than the narrow spectrum of highly educated people who admire the New Wave, but believe that their movies are also artistically sound.

Filmmakers such as Nasser Taghvaee and Ali Hatami are the best examples of this cinematic movement some of these filmmakers also make new wave films e.

Mum's Guest by Darius Mehrjui. Following the rise of the Iranian New Wave, there are now record numbers of film school graduates in Iran and each year more than 20 new directors make their debut films, many of them women.

In the last two decades, there have been a higher percentage of women directors in Iran than in most countries in the West.

The success and hard work of the pioneering Rakhshan Bani-Etemad is an example that many women directors in Iran were following much before Samira Makhmalbaf made the headlines And the current Tahmineh Milani , Niki Karimi.

Besides women involved in screenwriting and filmmaking, numerous award-winning Iranian actresses with uniques styles and talents attract critic.

The first Iranian actress who won an award for acting in a major film festival was Mary Apick. The most notable Iranian actresses are:.

Furthermore, women's resistance against the symbolic order in the society has been demonstrated in different movies such as The Little Rusty Brains by Houman Seyedi.

War cinema in Iran was born simultaneously with the beginning of Iran—Iraq War.

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